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Agreement Ended Soviet Union

The agreement would make Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev irrelevant and give more power to Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow. On 24 October, the Supreme Soviet union passed a law abolishing special seats for representatives of the Communist Party and other official organizations. On 26 October, 20 factories held strikes and rallies in Lviv to protest against the police brutality of 1 October and the authorities` unwillingness to prosecute those responsible. From 26 to 28 October, the environmental association Zelenyi Svit (Friends of the Earth – Ukraine) held its founding congress and, on 27 October, the Ukrainian Parliament passed a law that was to abolish the special status of a Member of Parliament for the party and other official organisations. Gorbachev`s visit to Vilnius, the Lithuanian capital, on 11 and 13 January 1990 sparked an independence rally that drew about 250,000 people. New book combines Soviet and American transcripts of meetings at the highest level that ended the Cold War on December 18, 2016 The Belarusian People`s Front was founded in 1988 as a political party and a cultural movement for democracy and independence, like the popular fronts of the Baltic republics. The discovery of mass graves in Kurapaty, outside Minsk, by historian Zianon Pazniak, the first leader of the Belarusian People`s Front, has given further impetus to the democratic and independence movement in Belarus. [50] She claimed that the NKDD had committed secret murders in Kurapaty. [51] At first, the front had considerable visibility, as its many public actions almost always ended in clashes with the police and the KGB. The first official celebration of International Human Rights Day took place in Lviv on 10 December 1989. On 17 December, an estimated 30,000 people attended a public meeting organized by Von Rukh in Kiev in memory of Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov, who died on 14 December.

On 26 December, the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law that designates Christmas, Easter and the Feast of the Holy Trinity as official public holidays. [49] In 1988, Gorbachev lost control of two regions of the Soviet Union, with the Baltic republics now tending to independence and the Caucasus sinking into violence and civil war. Q. There is another legend about the Belavetsha: Mikhail Gorbachev would have been angry with Boris Yeltsin because Yeltsin [then President of the United States] called George H. W. Bush to tell him about the agreement reached, and only then did he inform Gorbachev. The intentionalistic reports assert that the collapse of the Soviet was not inevitable and that it was the result of the politics and decisions of certain individuals (usually Gorbachev and Yeltsin). Historian Archie Browns The Gorbachev, who asserts that Gorbachev was the main power of Soviet politics, at least during the period 1985-1988, is a characteristic example of intentional writing and has even, in turn, gone far beyond political reforms and developments instead of being guided by events. [143] This was particularly the case with the politics of perestroika and glasnost, market initiatives and foreign policy, as detached by political scientist George Breslaur and called Gorbachev a “man of events”. [144] In a slightly different way, David Kotz and Fred Weir asserted that the Soviet elites were responsible for encouraging both nationalism and capitalism from which they could benefit personally (this is also manifested by their continued presence at the higher economic and political levels of the post-Soviet republics). [145] When Gorbachev went to the airport on his way to Madrid, Yeltsin addressed the Russian parliament in an explosive speech.